Back Mountain Veterinary Hospital

Pet Portal

Blood Pressure Monitoring

Hypertension

Although most people understand the dangers of high blood pressure for themselves, all too often we overlook the risks for our pets. Unlike humans, pets do not normally develop high blood pressure (hypertension) from an unhealthy lifestyle. However, similiar to humans, the risk of developing hypertension increases with age. In humans, hypertension can be a solitary condition. In other words, people can have high blood pressure, but be otherwise healthy. That's why medical professionals call high blood pressure "The Silent Killer." The situation for our furry friends is just the opposite. Dogs and cats become hypertensive because of an underlying disease process, but the hypertension can be just as deadly. This is why routine bloodwork, especially as our pets age, is vital to maintaining their overall health. Early detection of certain diseases is what allows veterinarians to properly screen for hypertension. The diseases that predispose your pet to hypertension include, but are not limited to:

  • Diabetes
  • Chronic Renal Failure
  • Adrenal gland tumors
  • Cushing's Disease
  • Hyperthyroidism

    Loss of sight, be it abrupt or progressive, is another indicator of hypertension in pets. This is a result of the pressure building up in tiny vessels that surround the retina. If the pressure gets too great, the retina may detatch, partially or entirely.

    Measuring Blood Pressure

    The method of measuring blood pressure in our pets is comparable to people, however, as the cuff deflates, the doctor listens to the blood flow through an ultrsonic probe instead of a stethoscope. The probe connects to a device called an Ultrasonic Doppler Flow Detector, which emits an audible sound that indicates systolic pressure has been reached. Normal systolic readings should not rise above 160, with 180 or greater being highly indicative of an increased risk for organ damage. Diastolic pressure can not be monitored without an arterial catheter, so veterinarians only monitor for systolic pressure. Multiple readings are taken to rule out "nervous pet" from true hypertension.

    How is Hypertension Treated

    In most situations with pets, treating the disease process that is causing the hypertension results in treating the hypertension. Medications are also available to treat the hypertension, if the underlying disease can not be controlled or until the disease can be controlled. A special diet may be prescribed, not specifically to control blood pressure, but to address the needs of the organs at the root of the disease, for example a special kidney diet or a diet for hyperthyroidism. Pets with high blood pressure should be monitored every 2 to 4 months.

  • Sunday Urgent Care Clinic

    Back Mountain Veterinary Hospital is pleased to offer "Sunday Urgent Care" as an alternative to going to the Emergency Clinic for a problem that is not a true emergency. Starting April 7th, we will have Same-Day Call-Ahead scheduling for non-critical...

    Appointments - 7 Days a Week

    Monday thru Friday:
    8:00 am to 8:00 pm

    Saturday & Sunday:
    8:00 am to 5:00 pm

    570-675-3406

    Contact

    Back Mountain Veterinary Hospital
    105 West Center Hill Rd
    Dallas, PA 18612
    Phone: 570-675-3406

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